Animals as Sentinels of Environmental Health Hazards by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Animals as Monitors of Environmental Hazards

Studying animals within the setting could be a lifelike and hugely necessary method of making a choice on unknown chemical contaminants sooner than they reason human damage. Animals as Sentinels of Environmental well-being Hazards offers an summary of animal-monitoring courses, together with specific case stories of ways animal well-being problems--such because the results of DDT on wild poultry populations--have led researchers to the assets of human wellbeing and fitness risks. The authors research the elements and features required for an efficient animal-monitoring application, and so they review a variety of latest courses, together with in situ examine, the place an animal is positioned in a average surroundings for tracking purposes.

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Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. INTRODUCTION 19 1 Introduction OVERVIEW An animal sentinel system is a system in which data on animals exposed to contaminants in the environment are regularly and systematically collected and analyzed to identify potential health hazards to other animals or humans.

But cats and dogs are more exposed than their owners to soil, house dust, and airborne particles. Cats are exposed differently to airborne contaminants, such as lead, because they lick their coats regularly. Felines in urban zoos have proved to be good indicators of lead contamination. Duration of Exposure A monitoring study can last minutes (as in the case of fish) to a few months or even many years, depending on the questions asked and the end points measured. The likely duration will influence the choice of sentinel species.

Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS 40 counts require accurate inventories of household pets. The Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy recently has undertaken surveys of pet ownership in New England to determine who owns pets, the types of pets owned, and the pet population. S. Bureau of the Census. To be included in the census questionnaire, questions must meet several criteria; for example, only questions that are deemed necessary to obtain essential information with demonstrated broad societal relevance are included.

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