Accessibility Handbook: Making 508 Compliant Websites by Katie Cunningham

By Katie Cunningham

Get useful directions for making your web site available to individuals with disabilities. With this guide, you’ll find out how to layout or advance a domain that conforms to part 508 of the united states Rehabilitation Act—and within the method you’ll notice how one can supply a greater person adventure for everyone.

The Accessibility Handbook introduces you to a number of audiences that experience hassle utilizing today’s advanced web pages, together with individuals with blindness, listening to loss, actual disabilities, and cognitive issues. the way to aid assistive applied sciences, and comprehend which fonts, shades, web page layouts, and different layout components paintings best—without having to exclude complicated features, lease outdoor aid, or considerably bring up overhead.

Develop suggestions that accommodate:

  • Complete blindness. Create a logical record move to help display readers
  • Low imaginative and prescient and colour blindness. Optimize photos and colour schemes, and make sure your website enlarges gracefully
  • Hearing impairment. offer video captions and visible indicators for interactive features
  • Physical disabilities. Make varieties, popups, and navigation more uncomplicated to use
  • Cognitive disorders. Adapt fonts and textual content types for dyslexic clients, and layout constant, well-organized pages for individuals with ADHD

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Info CHAPTER 4 Physical Accessibility Physical accessibility is slightly different from visual and audio accessibility: the user can see the website and can hear all the audio, so information isn’t hidden from them. Making a website physically accessible often boils down to the actual usability of the website. How hard is it to navigate? Are applications frustrating to use? This, of all the types of accessibility, benefits the most, as the guidelines laid out make a better experience for even typical users.

Example 1-18. html' accesskey='n'>Next Now, when the user uses “n” with his access keys, he’ll automatically be sent to the next page. At the moment, the only official standard for access keys is from the UK, though international standards are emerging as more and more sites are choosing to use access keys, or are using frameworks that come with access keys already set up, like Plone or vBulletin. See Table 1-3 for some common access keys. Table 1-3. Common access keys Key Action 1 Home Page 2 Skip to content 3 Site Map 4 Search field focus 5 Advanced Search 6 Site navigation tree 9 Contact information 0 Access Key details As a side note, another popular convention is to assign the numbers to the navigation items on the global navigation, with one being the first item, and zero being the last.

If a sound is vital to using the feature, then a visual bell should be added, so that the user knows that something has happened. One method that is difficult to miss is changing the background to a contrasting color for a second, but a solution doesn’t need to be so drastic. Many web applications that make sound include a mute button. If a sound is vital to the application, the mute button might flash or display a message. If an interactive feature has any spoken text, it should follow the rules of videos and always display that text.

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